|69 Hesperia||April 26, 1861|
Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli (March 14, 1835–July 4, 1910) was an Italian astronomer. He studied at the University of Turin and Berlin Observatory and worked for over forty years at Brera Observatory.
He observed objects in the solar system, and after observing Mars he named the seas and continents. Beginning in 1877 he also believed he had observed long straight features he called canali in Italian, meaning "channels" but mistranslated as "canals". Many decades later these canals of Mars were definitively shown to be an optical illusion.
He was also the first to demonstrate that the Perseid and Leonid meteor showers were associated with comets.
His niece Elsa Schiaparelli became a famed couturiere.
Named after him