Claude G. Bowers

Claude G. Bowers books and biography


Claude Bowers

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Claude Gernade Bowers (1878 - 1958) was an American writer, Democratic politician, and ambassador to Spain and Chile.

Bowers began his career as a journalist with a newspaper in Terre Haute, Indiana and, while residing there, became the Democratic candidate for the U.S. House of Representatives at the request of powerful Democratic leader John Edward Lamb. Though he lost, the experience polished his abundant speaking skills. Bowers' enormously popular books on Party Battles of the Jackson Period (1922) and the battle between Jefferson And Hamilton The Struggle For Democracy In America (1925) were well-written (and well researched) political manifestos that denounces the Federalist/Whig/Republican parties as bastions of aristocracy, and the Democrats as true heroes. Bowers in his very popular histories promoted the idea that Thomas Jefferson had founded the Democratic Party. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, an avid reader of Bowers, built the Jefferson Memorial. Bowers' The Tragic Era (1929) attracted wide attention for its attack on the Republican Party, which Bowers believed humiliated the South and corrupted the North during Reconstruction. His research was based on the Dunning School. Bowers gave a spellbinding keynote speech at the Democratic Convention of 1928 (text in New York Times June 27, 1928. p. 8, online at PROQUEST). Roosevelt appointed him amabassador to Spain and later Chile.

Although disillusioned when the New Deal veered away from pristine low-budget Jeffersonian principles, Bowers held his tongue and never criticized his patron. His biography of Senator Albert J. Beveridge, Beveridge and the Progressive Era (1932) was non-polemical and of high quality. He continued writing late into his life, completing My Mission To Spain in 1954, which chronicled his time in Spain as ambassador, covering both his travels throughout the country, and the hectic politics that foreshadowed the Spanish Civil War. Bowers was highly critical of what he saw as fascist agitation and strongly defended the regime of the Spanish Second Republic.

He died of leukemia in 1958 and is buried at Highland Lawn Cemetery in Terre Haute, Indiana.


Books by Bowers

  • The Irish orators; a history of Ireland's fight for freedom (1916)
  • The life of John Worth Kern (PDF) (1918)
  • The party battles of the Jackson period (1923)
  • Jefferson and Hamilton; the struggle for democracy in America (1925)
  • The Tragic Era: The Revolution after Lincoln (1929).
  • Beveridge And The Progressive Era (1932)
  • Jefferson in Power: The Death Struggle of the Federalists (1936)
  • The Young Jefferson, 1743-1789 (1945)
  • Pierre Vergniaud: Voice of the French Revolution (1950)
  • My Mission To Spain: Watching the Rehearsal for World War II (1954)
  • Chile through embassy windows, 1939-1953 (1958)
  • My Life: The Memoirs of Claude Bowers (1962).
  • Indianapolis in the 'Gay Nineties' High School Diaries of Claude G. Bowers ed by Hamilton, Holman and Gayle Thornbrough, (1964)

Scholarly studies

  • Merrill D. Peterson. The Jefferson Image in the American Mind (1998). partly online
  • Peter J. Sehlinger and Holman Hamilton. Spokesman for Democracy: Claude G. Bowers, 1878-1958 (2000).
  • Spencer, Thomas T. "'Old' Democrats and New Deal Politics: Claude G. Bowers, James A. Farley, and the Changing Democratic Party, 1933-1940" Indiana Magazine of History 1996 92(1): 26-45. ISSN 0019-6673

This article might use material from a Wikipedia article, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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Jefferson In Power The Death Struggle Of The Fed.

My Mission To Spain

Tragic Era The Revolution After Lincoln

Young Jefferson 1743 To 1789

By Claude G. Bowers
American Presidents

Young Jefferson 1743 To 1789
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