|Type of site||Books wiki|
|Created by||Jimmy Wales and the Wikimedia Community|
Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of free content books. It is a Wikimedia Foundation project.
Started on July 10, 2003, the project is a collection of free textbooks and annotated texts that are written collaboratively on the website. The site is a wiki, meaning that anyone can edit book modules without their contributions being subject to review before modifications are accepted.
The project was opened in response to a request by Wikipedia's Karl Wick for a place to start building free content textbooks such as organic chemistry and physics in order to reduce the costs and other limitations on learning materials.
While some books are original, others began as text copied over from other sources of free content textbooks found on the Internet. All of the site's content is covered by the GNU Free Documentation License. As with its sister project, Wikipedia, contributions remain copyrighted to their creators, while the copyleft licensing ensures that the content will always remain freely distributable and reproducible.
Wikibooks differs from Wikisource because content on Wikibooks is expected to be significantly changed by participants. Raw source documents such as the original text of Shakespearean plays is hosted on Wikisource instead.
The site is working towards completion of several textbooks in numerous languages, which founders hope will be followed by mainstream adoption and use of texts developed and housed there.
Wikibooks has many incomplete texts, and many argue that even the comprehensive texts (books rated at the highest level) are of poor quality. The wiki model encourages the creation of abortive book projects that linger indefinitely without being improved or deleted, and it can be extremely hard for a visitor of the Wikibooks site to find any high-quality, completed books. The HTML format of the compiled Wikibooks is not suitable for the traditional printing of books with fixed page-width and page-length, and the Wiki syntax is considered ill-suited for professional book editing. Wikibooks also inherits all the criticisms levelled towards wiki-style editing in general.
The counter arguments to these criticisms are that Wikibooks content is available for almost continuous peer review, and thanks to the wiki-style editing, this project also inherits all of the strengths of Wikipedia. For popular titles and items that gather interest from several participants, the quality of the content tends to improve rapidly. Noted books that have achieved this are all highly technical books, especially related to computers and the internet, as well as linguistic books related to (human) language learning.
There are two major subprojects within Wikibooks that have used Wikibooks as an incubator:
These projects were grandfathered as sub-projects. Since their creation, Wikibook's policy was changed so that future incubator type projects are started according to the New project policy of the Wikimedia Foundation and the proposal added to Proposals for new projects. This also became the official Wikibooks policy on the subject.
Deutsch (German) - English - Español (Spanish) - Français (French) - עברית (Hebrew) - Magyar (Hungarian) - Italiano (Italian) - 日本語 (Japanese) - Nederlands (Dutch) - Polski (Polish) - Português (Portuguese)
العربية (Arabic) - Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian) - Български (Bulgarian) - Català (Catalan) - 中文 (Chinese) - Čeština (Czech) - Dansk (Danish) - Englisc (Old English) - Esperanto - فارسی (Persian - Galego (Galician) - Íslenska (Icelandic) - 한국어 (Korean) - Lietuvių (Lithuanian) - Македонски (Macedonian) - Norsk (Norwegian) - русский (Russian) - српски (Serbian) - Shqip (Albanian) - Slovenčina (Slovak) - Suomi (Finnish) - Svenska (Swedish) - தமிழ் (Tamil) - ไทย (Thai) - Türkçe (Turkish) - українська (Ukrainian)
Alemannisch (Alemannic German) - Հայերեն (Armenian) - Беларуская (Belarusian) - বাংলা (Bengali) - Bosanski (Bosnian) - Basa Sunda (Sundanese) - Чӑваш (Chuvach) - Cymraeg (Welsh) - Dorerin Naoero (Nauruan) - Ελληνικά (Greek) - Eesti (Estonian) - Frysk (West Frisian) - ქართული (Georgian) - Ελληνικά (Greek) - Hrvatski (Croatian) - Interlingua - Interlingue - Kurdî / كوردی (Kurdish) - Latina (Latin) - മലയാളം (Malayalam) - मराठी (Marathi) - Română (Romanian) - Simple English - Slovenščina (Slovenian) - Tagalog - తెలుగు (Telugu) - Tatar - Tiếng Việt (Vietnamese) - اردو (Urdu)
|Projects of the Wikimedia Foundation|
|Wikibooks (Wikijunior) • Wikiversity • Wikimedia Commons • Wiktionary • Wikinews • Wikipedia • Wikiquote • Wikisource • Wikispecies • Meta-Wiki • Wikimedia Incubator|