Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton
Edward Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton GCB GCSI GCIE PC (8 November 1831–24 November 1891) was an English statesman and poet.
The son of the novelist Edward Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Baron Lytton, he was educated at Harrow School and at the University of Bonn. When eighteen years old, he went to the United States as private secretary of his uncle, Sir Henry Bulwer, who was Minister at Washington, DC.
When twenty-five years old, he published in London a volume of poems under the name of Owen Meredith. He went on to publish several other volumes under the same name. The most popular one is "Lucile", a story in verse.
He was later secretary at different courts in Europe and Minister to Portugal and France. From 1876 to 1880 he was Viceroy and Governor-General of India. Lytton's tenure as Viceroy coincided with one of the worst recorded famines, and his uncompromising implementation of British Colonial Policy was a factor in its severity.
He succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Lytton in 1873, and in 1880 was created Viscount Knebworth, of Knebworth in the County of Hertford, and Earl of Lytton, in the County of Derby.
- Works by Owen Meredith at Project Gutenberg
Political offices Preceded by
The Lord Northbrook
Viceroy of India
The Marquess of Ripon
Diplomatic Posts Preceded by
The Earl Lyons
British Ambassador to France
The Marquess of Dufferin and Ava
Peerage of the United Kingdom Preceded by
Earl of Lytton
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