George Orwell's (Eric Arthur Blair) press card portrait, 1943
(June 25, 1903 - January 21, 1950)
Eric Arthur Blair, better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist.
He is best known for Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949). His non-fiction works, including The Road to Wigan Pier (1937), documenting his experience of working class life in the north of England, and Homage to Catalonia (1938), an account of his experiences on the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War. The Times ranked him second on a list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945"