Clifford Whittingham Beers was born in New Haven, Conneticut in 1876 and was the founder of the American mental hygiene movement. He graduated from the Sheffield Scientific School at Yale in 1897.
After the publication of A Mind That Found Itself (1908), an autobiographical account of his confinement in a mental institution, he had the support of the medical profession and others in the work to prevent mental disorders. He was a leader in the field until his retirement in 1939. He died in 1943.