58th Governor of Vermont
1921 – 1923
Lieutenant(s) Abram W. Foote Preceded by Percival W. Clement Succeeded by Redfield Proctor, Jr.
Born September 3, 1861
Political party Republican Spouse Lena Pond Profession Inventor
James Hartness (September, 3 1861 - 1934) was an American inventor and aviator, who also served as the Governor of Vermont from 1921 to 1923.
Hartness was born in Schenectady, New York and settled in Springfield, Vermont after becoming a superintendent at the struggling Jones and Lamson machine shop. A trained machinist, Hartness had been known in his early career as an innovator and used this creative energy to revitalise the company. He invented the flat turret lathe which increased efficiency and productivity, and he licensed the tool to J & L for a $100 royalty on each machine.
Though soon wealthy, Hartness' creativity never flagged, and over the next 44 years he would acquire 120 patents. He also served as the president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. This energy inspired others around him and soon Springfield became a booming manufacturing town.
Hartness was one of the first 100 pilots in America. He obtained his pilot's license in a Wright Flyer. He encouraged, and served as president of, the Vermont Aero Club.
Hartness had a love of astronomy which led to his development of a telescope mount with the revolving dome on an equatorial plane. The success of this patent led to more telescope activities and commissions. With Hartness' encouragement and financial support, Russell W. Porter initiated the Springfield Telescope Makers. The club still celebrates their annual Stellafane gathering in Springfield.
- Renaissance Tool Man
- Works by James Hartness at Project Gutenberg
- Industrial Progress and Human Economics by James Hartness
Governors of Vermont T. Chittenden • Brigham • Tichenor • I. Smith • Tichenor • Galusha • M. Chittenden • Galusha • Skinner • Van Ness • Butler • Crafts • Palmer • Jennison • Paine • Mattocks • Slade • Eaton • Coolidge • Williams • E. Fairbanks • Robinson • Royce • Fletcher • Hall • E. Fairbanks • Holbrook • G. Smith • Dillingham • Page • Washburn • Hendee • Stewart • Converse • Peck • H. Fairbanks • Proctor • Farnham • Barstow • Pingree • Ormsbee • Dillingham • Page • Fuller • Woodbury • Grout • E. Smith • Stickney • McCullough • Bell • F. Proctor • Prouty • Mead • Fletcher • Gates • Graham • Clement • Hartness • Proctor Jr. • Billings • Weeks • Wilson • C. Smith • Aiken • Wills • M. Proctor • Gibson • Arthur • Emerson • Johnson • Stafford • Keyser • Hoff • Davis • Salmon • Snelling • Kunin • Snelling • Dean • Douglas
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