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Guy De Maupassant

Guy De Maupassant books and biography

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A Coward


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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A Dead Women S Secret


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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A Family


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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A Humble Drama


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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A Vagabond


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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An Affair Of State


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Bel Ami


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature Classiques

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Bellflower


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Berthe


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Boule De Suif


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Claire De Lune


By Guy De Maupassant
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Coco


By Guy De Maupassant
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Coco


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Confessing


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Contes De La Becasse


By Guy De Maupassant
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Coup D Etat


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Denis


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Farewell


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Father Milon


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Fort Comme La Mort


By Guy De Maupassant
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Friend Patience


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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History Of A Heart


By Guy De Maupassant
Novels

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Horrible


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Humiliation


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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In The Wood


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Indescretion


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Julie Romain


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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L `aveu


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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L'inutile Beaute


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature Classiques

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La Main Gauche


By Guy De Maupassant
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La Maison Tellier


By Guy De Maupassant
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La Peur


By Guy De Maupassant
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La Tombe


By Guy De Maupassant
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Lancer's Wife


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Le Bucher


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Le Garde


By Guy De Maupassant
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Le Gueux


By Guy De Maupassant
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Le Horla And Others


By Guy De Maupassant
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Le Horla And Others


By Guy De Maupassant
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Le Lache


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Le Legs


By Guy De Maupassant
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Le Retour


By Guy De Maupassant
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Le Tic


By Guy De Maupassant
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Les Bijoux


By Guy De Maupassant
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Les Contes Du Jour Et De Nuit


By Guy De Maupassant
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Les Idée Du Colonel


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Lettre Touvee Sur Un Noye


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Lieutenant Lare's Marriage


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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L` Ivrogne


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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L`abandonne


By Guy De Maupassant
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L`horrible


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Madame Parisse


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Madame Parisse


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Mademoiselle Fifi


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Mademoiselle Pearl


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Malades Et Medecins


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Maupassant Original Short Stories


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Mile Fifi


By Guy De Maupassant
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Miss Hariett


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Misti


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Monsieur Parent


By Guy De Maupassant
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Moonlight


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Notes D Un Voyageur


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Old Mongilet


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Pierre And Jean


By Guy De Maupassant
Novels

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Pierre Et Jean


By Guy De Maupassant
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Prisoners


By Guy De Maupassant
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Promenade


By Guy De Maupassant
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Selected Writings


By Guy De Maupassant
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Souvenir


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Strong As Death


By Guy De Maupassant
Novels

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The Christening


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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The Devil


By Guy De Maupassant
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The Donkey


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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The Dowry


By Guy De Maupassant
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The Drunkard


By Guy De Maupassant
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The Father


By Guy De Maupassant
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The Hairpin


By Guy De Maupassant
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The Hand


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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The Horla


By Guy De Maupassant
Horror

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The Inn


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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The Kiss


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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The Marquis De Fumerol


By Guy De Maupassant
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The Necklace


By Guy De Maupassant
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The Piece Of String


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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The Unknown


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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The Vendetta


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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The Wreck


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Theodule Sabot S Confession


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Timbuctoo


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Toine


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Two Friends


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Two Little Soldiers


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Two Little Soldiers


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Un Fou


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Une Vendetta


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Une Vie


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Useless Beauty


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Vains Conseils


By Guy De Maupassant
Litterature , Romans

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Waiter, A Bock


By Guy De Maupassant
Short Stories

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Yvette


By Guy De Maupassant
Novels

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Guy de Maupassant

Guy de Maupassant.
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Guy de Maupassant.
French literature

By category

French literary history

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16th century - 17th century
18th century -19th century
20th century - Contemporary

French Writers

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Henri Ren Albert Guy de Maupassant (IPA: [gi də mopasɑ̃]) (5 August 1850 – 6 July 1893) was a popular 19th-century French writer. He is one of the fathers of the modern short story. His short stories are characterized by their economy of style and the efficient way in which the various threads within them are neatly resolved. He also wrote six novels.

Contents

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Biography

Maupassant was most likely born at the Chteau de Miromesnil, near Dieppe in the Seine-Maritime department.

The Maupassants were an old Lorraine family who had settled in Normandy in the middle of the 18th century. In 1846 his father had married a young lady of the well-to-do bourgeoisie, Laure Le Poittevin. With her brother Alfred, she had been the playmate of the novelist Gustave Flaubert, who was destined to have a guiding influence on her son's life. She was a woman of no common literary accomplishments, very fond of the classics, especially Shakespeare. After separating from her husband, Le Poittevin kept her two sons, the elder Guy and younger Herv.

Until he was thirteen years old Guy lived with his mother at tretat, in the Villa des Verguies, where between the sea and the luxuriant countryside, he grew very fond of nature and outdoor sports; he went fishing with the fishermen off the coast and spoke Norman with the peasants. He was deeply devoted to his mother. As he entered junior high school, he met the great author Gustave Flaubert.

He first entered a seminary at Yvetot, but deliberately managed to have himself expelled. From his early education he retained a marked hostility to religion. Then he was sent to the Rouen Lyce, where he proved a good scholar indulging in poetry and taking a prominent part in theatricals.

The Franco-Prussian War broke out soon after his graduation from college in 1870; he enlisted as a volunteer and fought bravely.

After the war, in 1871, he left Normandy and came to Paris where he spent ten years as a clerk in the Navy Department. During these ten tedious years his only recreation was canoeing on the Seine on Sundays and holidays.

Gustave Flaubert took him under his protection and acted as a kind of literary guardian to him, guiding his debut in journalism and literature. At Flaubert's home he met mile Zola and the Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev, as well as many of the protagonists of the realist and naturalist schools. He wrote a considerable amount of verse and short plays.

In 1878 he was transferred to the Ministry of Public Instruction and became a contributing editor of several leading newspapers such as Le Figaro, Gil Blas, Le Gaulois and l'Echo de Paris. He devoted his spare time to writing novels and short stories.

In 1880 he published his first masterpiece, "Boule de Suif", which met with an instant and tremendous success. Flaubert characterized it as "a masterpiece that will endure." This was Maupassant's first piece of short fiction set during the Franco-Prussian War, and was followed by short stories such as "Deux Amies," "Mother Savage," and "Mademoiselle Fifi."

The decade from 1880 to 1891 was the most fertile period of Maupassant's life. Made famous by his first short story, he worked methodically and produced two or sometimes four volumes annually. He combined talent and practical business sense, which made him wealthy.

In 1881 he published his first volume of short stories under the title of La Maison Tellier; it reached its twelfth edition within two years; in 1883 he finished his first novel, Une Vie (translated into English as A Woman's Life), 25,000 copies of which were sold in less than a year. In his novels, he concentrated all his observations scattered in his short stories. His second novel Bel-Ami, which came out in 1885, had thirty-seven printings in four months.

His editor, Havard, commissioned him to write new masterpieces and Maupassant continued to produce them without the slightest apparent effort. At this time he wrote what many consider to be his greatest novel, Pierre et Jean.

With a natural aversion to society, he loved retirement, solitude, and meditation. He traveled extensively in Algeria, Italy, England, Brittany, Sicily, Auvergne, and from each voyage he brought back a new volume. He cruised on his private yacht "Bel-Ami," named after his earlier novel. This feverish life did not prevent him from making friends among the literary celebrities of his day: Alexandre Dumas, fils had a paternal affection for him; at Aix-les-Bains he met Taine and fell under the spell of the philosopher-historian.

Flaubert continued to act as his literary godfather. His friendship with the Goncourts was of short duration; his frank and practical nature reacted against the ambience of gossip, scandal, duplicity, and invidious criticism that the two brothers had created around them in the guise of an 18th-century style salon.

In his later years he developed an exaggerated love for solitude, a predilection for self-preservation, and a constant fear of death and mania of persecution, compounded by the syphilis he had contracted in his early days. He was considered insane in 1891 and died two years later, a month short of his 43rd birthday, on July 6, 1893.

Guy de Maupassant is buried in the Cimetire du Montparnasse, Paris.

Significance

Maupassant is one of the fathers of the modern short story. Maupassant delights in clever plotting, and served as a model for Somerset Maugham and O. Henry in this respect. His stories about real or fake jewels ("La Parure", "Les Bijoux") are imitated with a twist by Maugham ("Mr Know-All", "A String of Beads") and Henry James ("Paste").

Taking his cue from Balzac, Maupassant wrote comfortably in both the high-Realist and fantastic modes; stories and novels such as "L'Hritage" and Bel-Ami aim to recreate Third Republic France in a realistic way, whereas many of the short stories (notably "Le Horla", cited as an inspiration for H. P. Lovecraft's "

The supernatural in Maupassant, however, is often implicitly a symptom of the protagonists' troubled minds; Maupassant was fascinated by the burgeoning discipline of psychiatry, and attended the public lectures of Jean-Martin Charcot between 1885 and 1886 (see Pierre Bayard, Maupassant, juste avant Freud (Paris: Minuit, 1994)). This interest is reflected in his fiction.

Bibliography

Novels

  • Une vie (1883)
  • Bel-Ami (1885)
  • Mont-Oriol (1887)
  • Pierre et Jean (1888)
  • Fort comme la mort (1889)
  • Notre Coeur (1890)

Short story collections

  • "Les Soires de Mdan" (with Zola, Huysmans et al. Contains Boule de Suif" by Maupassant) (1880)
  • "La Maison Tellier" (1881)
  • "Mademoiselle Fifi" (1882)
  • "Contes de la bcasse" (1883)
  • "Miss Harriet" (1884)
  • "Les Soeurs Rondoli" (1884)
  • "Clair de lune" (1884) (contains "Les Bijoux")
  • "Yvette" (1884)
  • "Toine" (1885)
  • "Contes du jour et de la nuit" (1885) (contains "La Parure")
  • "Monsieur Parent" (1886)
  • "La petite Roque" (1886)
  • "Le Horla" (1887)
  • "Le Rosier de Madame Husson" (1888)
  • "La Main gauche" (1889)
  • "L'Inutile Beaut" (1890)

Travel writing

  • "Au soleil" (1884)
  • "Sur l'eau" (1888)
  • "La Vie errante" (1890)


This article might use material from a Wikipedia article, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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