Author

Sutta Dhammika

Sutta Dhammika books and biography

Sponsored Links


Buddha S Words Of Wisdom


By Sutta Dhammika
Buddhism

Download Details Report

Share this Book!

The Buddha And His Disciplies


By Sutta Dhammika
Buddhism

Download Details Report

Share this Book!
										  

Dhammika Sutta

Part of a series on
Buddhism


History of Buddhism
Dharmic religions
Timeline of Buddhism
Buddhist councils

Foundations
Four Noble Truths
Noble Eightfold Path
The Five Precepts
Nirvāna Three Jewels

Key Concepts
Three marks of existence
Skandha Cosmology Dharma
Samsara Rebirth Shunyata
Pratitya-samutpada Karma

Major Figures
Gautama Buddha
Buddha's Disciples Family

Practices and Attainment
Buddhahood Bodhisattva
Four Stages of Enlightenment
Paramis Meditation Laity

Buddhism by Region
Southeast Asia East Asia
Tibet India Western

Schools of Buddhism
Theravāda Mahāyāna
Vajrayāna Early schools

Texts
Pali Canon
Pali Suttas Mahayana Sutras
Vinaya Abhidhamma

Comparative Studies
Culture List of Topics
Portal: Buddhism
Image:Dharma_wheel_1.png

This box:viewtalkedit

The Dhammika Sutta is part of the Sutta Nipata (Sn 2.14). In this sutta, the Buddha instructs a lay disciple named Dhammika on rules for monks and on the "layman's rule[s] of conduct" (gahatthavatta).[1]

Contents

Dhammika asks of virtue

In the sutta,[2] Dhammika, along with 500 other lay followers (Pali: pancahi upasake-satehi), approaches the Buddha and his monks (Pali: bhikkhavo) and Dhammika asks the Buddha how should a disciple (Pali: sāvako) be virtuous (Pali: sādhu) — both a disciple who has gone from home to homeless (Pali: agārā anagārameti) and a disciple from a household (Pali: agārino ... panupāsakāse). Dhammika then proceeds to extol the Buddha's compassion and wisdom.[3]

Monastic virtue

In response to Dhammika's question, the Buddha first addresses his monks and advises them as follows:

  • do alms rounds at the appropriate time
  • be rid of interest in the five senses
  • return from alms rounds, sit alone and turn inward
  • do not slander or blame others or seek out disputation
  • care for your food, dwelling and robes but do not become attached to them

Lay virtue

The Buddha notes that a householder's obligations prevent a householder from fully pursuing a monk's path.[4] Thus, the Buddha articulates "the layman's duty" (Pali: gahatthavatta), what are essentially the Five Precepts, as follows:

  • Do not kill or hurt living things or incite others to kill
  • Avoid taking what is not given or inciting others to do so
  • Observe celibacy or at least do not have sex with another's wife
  • Do not lie or incite others to lie
  • Do not drink or incite others to drink intoxicants

For the Uposatha, the Buddha extols the practice of the Eight Precepts, which involve the aforementioned Five Precepts (with celibacy alone identified for the third precept) and the following three precepts added:

  • Do not eat at inappropriate times (traditionally meaning, one meal before noon)
  • Do not wear garlands or perfumes
  • Sleep at floor level

The Buddha further stated that, when celebrating the Uposatha, with a purified heart (Pali: pasanna citto) and rejoicing mind (Pali: anumodamāno), the wise (Pali: viu) share their food and drink with monks of the Sangha.

In the sutta's last verse, the Buddha advises that, if a lay person supports their parents and engages in fair trading, they will be reborn among self-radiant devas.

See also

  • Householder (Buddhism)
  • Upasaka
  • Five Precepts
  • Eight Precepts
  • Uposatha

Notes

  1. ^ PTS (1921-25), p. 247.
  2. ^ A Pali version of this sutta is available at www.metta.lk (undated[b]). English translations of this sutta include Ireland (1983a) and www.metta.lk (undated[a]).
  3. ^ Ireland (1983b) points out that Dhammika's elaborate veneration of the Buddha is an important part of this sutta insomuch that it models "faith" while the rest of the sutta discusses "moral discipline." These two endeavors — faith and discipline — Ireland states, "are the basic requisites for making further progress on the Buddhist path."
  4. ^ Ireland (1983b) compares the Buddha's comment here to the Buddha's last verse in the "Muni Sutta" ("The Sage," Sn 1.12) which Ireland translates as: "As a peacock never approaches the swiftness of a swan, so a householder cannot imitate a bhikkhu, a hermit meditating in the forest."

Bibliography

  • Ireland, John D. (trans.) (1983a). Dhammika Sutta: Dhammika (excerpt) [Sn 2.14]. Available on-line at http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/kn/snp/snp.2.14.irel.html. (In regards to this being an "excerpt," Ireland translates the entire sutta except for Dhammika's extensive celebratory homage to the Buddha in the sutta's beginning.)
  • Ireland, John D. (1983b). The Discourse Collection: Selected Texts from the Sutta Nipata. Available on-line at http://www.accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/ireland/wheel082.html.
  • Pali Text Society (PTS) (1921-25). The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary (PED). London:Chipstead. The entry on "gaha-tta-vatta" is available on-line at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.1:1:1303.pali. A general on-line search engine for the PED is available at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/pali/.
  • www.metta.lk (Mettanet-Lanka) (undated[a]). Dhammikasutta: The disciple Dhammika [English]. Available on-line at



Convert any Books to Kobo

* Notice to all users: You can export our search engine to your blog, website, facebook or my space.

message of the week Message of The Week

Bookyards Facebook, Tumblr, Blog, and Twitter sites are now active. For updates, free ebooks, and for commentary on current news and events on all things books, please go to the following:

Bookyards at Facebook

Bookyards at Twitter

Bookyards at Pinterest

Bookyards at Tumblr

Bookyards blog


message of the daySponsored Links