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Franois d'Orlans, prince de Joinville

François d'Orléans, prince de Joinville (14 August 1818 - 16 June 1900)
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Franois d'Orlans, prince de Joinville (14 August 1818 - 16 June 1900)
French Monarchy
House of Orleans

Louis-Philippe
Children
Ferdinand-Philippe, Crown Prince of France
Louise-Marie of France
Marie of Orlans
Louis, Duke of Nemours
Francisca of Orlans
Clementine of Orleans
Franois, Prince of Joinville
Charles, Duke of Penthivre
Henri, Duke of Aumale
Antoine, Duke of Montpensier
Grandchildren
Philippe (VII), Count of Paris
Robert, Duke of Chartres
Gaston, Count of Eu
Ferdinand Philippe Marie, Duke of Alenon
Margaret of Orlans
Blanche of Orlans
Marie-Francoise de Bourbon-Orleans de Joinville
Louis Philippe Marie Lopold, Prince de Cond
Franois Louis d'Orlans, Duc de Guise
Great Grandchildren
Amlie of Orlans
Philip VIII, Duc d'Orlans
Hlne of Orlans
Charles of Orlans
Isabelle of Orlans
Jacques of Orlans
Louise of Orlans
Ferdinand of Orlans, Duke de Montpensier
Marie of Orlans
Robert of Orleans
Henri of Orleans
Marguerite of Orleans
Jean d'Orlans, duc de Guise
Louise of Orleans
Philippe Emmanuel, duc de Vendome and Alencon
Great Great Grandchildren
Isabelle of Orleans
Francoise of Orleans
Anne of Orleans
Henri (VI), Count of Paris
Great Great Great Grandchildren
Isabella of Orleans
Henri (VII), Count of Paris
Helene of Orleans
Francois, duc de Orleans
Anne of Orleans
Diane of Orleans
Michael, comte de Evreux
Jaques, duc de Orleans
Claude of Orleans
Chantal of Orleans
Thibaut, Comte de la Marche
Marie Louise of Orleans
Sophie Josphine of Orleans
Genevive Marie of Orleans
Charles Philippe, duc de Nemours
Great Great Great Great Grandchildren
Marie of Orleans
Franois, comte de Clermont
Blanche of Orleans
Jean, duc de Vendme
Eudes, duc d'Angoulme
Clothilde of Orleans
Adlade of Orleans
Charles Philippe, duc d'Anjou
Franois of Orleans
Diane Marie of Orleans
Charles-Louis, duc de Chartres
Foulques, duc d'Aumale and comte d'Eu

Franois-Ferdinand-Philippe-Louis-Marie d'Orlans, prince de Joinville (14 August 1818 - 16 June 1900) was the third son of Louis Philippe, duc d'Orlans, afterwards king of the French and his wife Marie Amalie of Bourbon-Sicilies. He was notable as an admiral of the French Navy.

He was born at the Chteau de Neuilly, in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. Educated for the navy, he became lieutenant in 1836. His first conspicuous service was at the bombardment of San Juan de Ulloa, in November 1838, when he headed a landing party and took the Mexican general Mariano Arista prisoner with his own hand at Veracruz. He was promoted to captain, and in 1840 was entrusted with the charge of bringing the remains of Napoleon from Saint Helena to France.

In 1844 he conducted naval operations on the coast of Morocco, bombarding Tangier and occupying Mogador, and was recompensed with the grade of vice-admiral. In the following year he published in the Revue des deux mondes an article on the deficiencies of the French Navy which attracted considerable attention, and by his hostility to the Guizot ministry, as well as by an affectation of ill-will towards the United Kingdom, he gained considerable popularity.

The Revolution of 1848 nevertheless swept him away with the other Orleans princes. He hastened to quit Algeria, where he was then serving, and took refuge at Claremont, in Surrey, with the rest of his family. In 1861, upon the breaking out of the American Civil War, he proceeded to Washington D.C., and placed the services of his son and two of his nephews at the disposal of the United States government.

Otherwise, he was little heard of until the overthrow of the Second French Empire in 1870, when he re-entered France, only to be promptly expelled by the government of national defence. Returning incognito, he joined the army of General d'Aurelle de Paladines, under the assumed name of "Colonel Lutherod", fought bravely before Orlans, and afterwards, divulging his identity, formally sought permission to serve. Gambetta, however, arrested him and sent him back to England.

In the National Assembly, elected in February 1871, the prince was returned by two dpartements and elected to sit for the Haute-Marne. By an arrangement with Thiers, however, the prince did not take his seat until the latter had been chosen president of the provisional republic. His deafness prevented him from making any figure in the Assembly, and he resigned his seat in 1876.

In 1886 the provisions of the law against pretenders to the throne deprived him of his rank as vice-admiral, but he continued to live in France, and died in Paris in June 1900.

He had married on May 1, 1843 in Rio de Janeiro, Princess Francisca of Brazil, Princess de Braganca, sister of Pedro II of Brazil. They had a son Pierre the duc de Penthivre (1845-1919), also brought up to the navy. It is unknown whether their son ever did marry or fathered any children, however, the few records about Pierre do suggest that he lived to be in his seventies and died in Paris. The couple also had daughter Francoise (1844). She married the duc de Chartres in 1863 and had issue.

Works

The prince de Joinville was the author of several essays and pamphlets on naval affairs and other matters of public interest, which were originally published for the most part either unsigned or pseudonymously, and subsequently republished under his own name after the fall of the Empire. They include Essais sur la marine francaise (1853); Etudes sur la marine (1859 and 1870); La Guerre d'Amrique, campagne du Potomac (1862 and 1872); Encore un mot sur Sadowa (Brussels, 1868); and Vieux souvenirs (1894).

Reference

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopdia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

External link

  • Works by Franois d'Orlans, prince de Joinville at Project Gutenberg
    • Memoirs of the Prince de Joinville, English translation by Lady Mary Loyd, from Project Gutenberg


This article might use material from a Wikipedia article, which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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